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South America Collection

Background imageSouth America Collection: Trephination evidence in an Inca skull

Trephination evidence in an Inca skull
Inca skull showing evidence of prehistoric trephining or brain surgery in Peru. Woodcut with a watercolor wash

Background imageSouth America Collection: Inca king Huayna Capac

Inca king Huayna Capac
Huayna Capac, Inca ruler in the early 1500s. Hand-colored 19th-century woodcut reproduction of a 16th century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Rio de Janeiro about 1700

Rio de Janeiro about 1700
Rio de Janeiro from the harbor while a Portuguese colony, circa 1700. Hand-colored woodcut reproduction of an 18th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: GLAT2A-00014

GLAT2A-00014
Street in Bogota, Columbia, 1880s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: EXPL2A-00377

EXPL2A-00377
Chart of the West Indies sea depths and land elevations. Printed color lithograph of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: AGRI2A-00088

AGRI2A-00088
Native field hands picking coffee in Brazil 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: PPRE2A-00091

PPRE2A-00091
President Theodore Roosevelt refusing to pay Colombia millions for Panama Canal rights, 1903. Hand-colored 1903 W.A. Rogers cartoon

Background imageSouth America Collection: Ambrosio O Higgins, Viceroy of Peru

Ambrosio O Higgins, Viceroy of Peru
Don Ambrosio O Higgins, Spanish colonial administrator of Peru and of Chile. Hand-colored woodcut reproduction of a 18th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Pizarro capturing Inca stronghold in Peru, 1533

Pizarro capturing Inca stronghold in Peru, 1533
Pizarros assault on the Inca fortress of Sacsahuaman, Peru, 1533. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Inca dwelling replica at Ingapirca, Ecuador

Inca dwelling replica at Ingapirca, Ecuador
Reconstructed Inca dwelling amid the ruins at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: EXPL2A-00177

EXPL2A-00177
Inca city of Cusco, Peru, in 1556, after the Spanish conquest. Hand-colored 19th-century woodcut reproduction of a 16th century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Weapon used by hunters of the Amazon

Weapon used by hunters of the Amazon
Brazilian native using zarabatana, or shooting-tube, a hunting weapon. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Brazilian cannibalism, 1500s

Brazilian cannibalism, 1500s
Natives eating and cooking human flesh, northern Brazil, circa 1500. Hand-colored woodcut reproduction of a 16th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Pedro II leaving Brazil, 1889

Pedro II leaving Brazil, 1889
Exile of Brazilian Emperor Pedro II after abdication, 1889. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Incas battling Spanish conquistadors in Peru

Incas battling Spanish conquistadors in Peru
Manco Inca Yupanqui leads attack on the Spanish in Cusco, Peru, 1536. Hand-colored halftone reproduction of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Inca leader Atahualpa sentenced to execution, 1533

Inca leader Atahualpa sentenced to execution, 1533
Spanish conqueror Pizarro orders the Inca ruler Atahualpa to be led instantly to execution in Peru, 1533. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Rio de la Plata, 1698

Rio de la Plata, 1698
Mouth of the Rio de la Plata in South America, in a map of 1698. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: EXPL2A-00336

EXPL2A-00336
Brazilian natives hunting with poison blow-guns, Amazon basin. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Callao, Peru, under Spanish rule, 1620

Callao, Peru, under Spanish rule, 1620
Spanish colonial port of Callao, Peru, circa 1620. Hand-colored woodcut reproduction of a 17th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Bola used for hunting in Argentina

Bola used for hunting in Argentina
Argentine natives using the bola to hunt guanacos, a type of llama. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Travel on the pampas of Argentina, 1800s

Travel on the pampas of Argentina, 1800s
Prairie schooner pulled by oxen on the pampas of Argentina, 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Arriving at Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1800s

Arriving at Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1800s
Passengers disembarking from steamships in Buenos Aires harbor, 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Rio de Janeiro in the 1800s

Rio de Janeiro in the 1800s
Harbor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1870s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Gaucho playing his guitar, Argentina

Gaucho playing his guitar, Argentina
Argentinian " gaucho cantor, " or cowboy guitar-player of the pampas, 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut reproduction of a 19th-century photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: Map of Argentina in the 1800s

Map of Argentina in the 1800s
Map of Agentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay in the 1870s. Color lithograph reproduction of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Guano island off the coast of Peru, 1880s

Guano island off the coast of Peru, 1880s
Sailors visiting a guano bed off the coast of Peru, 1880. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Amazon rain forest

Amazon rain forest
Rain forest in the upper Amazon basin. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Coffee plantation in Brazil

Coffee plantation in Brazil
Coffee plantation in southern Brazil, 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: EXPL2A-00173

EXPL2A-00173
Spanish conquistador on a horse with foal - the origin of the horse in colonial America. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century Frederic Remington illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: EXPL2A-00245

EXPL2A-00245
Spanish conquistador in armor on horseback, New Spain, 1500s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Great voyages of the age of exploration

Great voyages of the age of exploration
Map of great voyages from 1492 to 1580. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada

Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada
Conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada portrait. Hand-colored 19th-century woodcut reproduction of an earlier illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Some large mammals

Some large mammals
Some wild animals of the world. Lithograph reproduction of 19th-century illustrations

Background imageSouth America Collection: Passage around Cape Horn in stormy seas

Passage around Cape Horn in stormy seas
Slippery deck of a ship in heavy seas sailing around Cape Horn, 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00008

NATL2D-00008
Doorways leading to Inca Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00010

NATL2D-00010
Trapezoidal doorway leading to Inca Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00013

NATL2D-00013
Ruins of Inca city and Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00012

NATL2D-00012
Ruins of Inca city and Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00015

NATL2D-00015
Ruins of Inca city and Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00016

NATL2D-00016
Ruins of Inca city and Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00019

NATL2D-00019
Ruins of Inca city and Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: NATL2D-00018

NATL2D-00018
Ruins of Inca city and Temple of the Sun at Ingapirca in the Andes Mountains, Ecuador. Digital photograph

Background imageSouth America Collection: EXPL2A-00136

EXPL2A-00136
Native canoe in the Strait of Magellan, Tierra del Fuego, southern tip of South America. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: New World natives in a rain forest

New World natives in a rain forest
Natives in a tropical rain forest in the New World. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: Patagonian as described by early explorers, 1500s

Patagonian as described by early explorers, 1500s
Quoniambec, a Patagonia native described as a giant by explorers. Hand-colored woodcut reproduction of a 16th-century illustration

Background imageSouth America Collection: PLAT2A-00015

PLAT2A-00015
Atahualpa, last Inca king of Peru. Hand-colored woodcut

Background imageSouth America Collection: Account of Pizarros conquest of Peru, 1535

Account of Pizarros conquest of Peru, 1535
Title page of Xeres account of the conquest of Peru, 1535. Document

Background imageSouth America Collection: Argentine gaucho

Argentine gaucho
Gaucho, a type of cowboy in Argentina, 1800s. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration



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